Assalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
Beberapa bulan terakhir, saya mendapat tugas untuk membantu mantan dosen saya. Beliau ingin saya membantu untuk persiapan tes TOEFL & IELTS, karena dua hal itu menjadi syarat S3.
Setelah beberapa bulan berjalan, saya akhirnya punya beberapa tipe Soal Bahasa Inggris dari Listening, Reading, Written & Structures, dan masih banyak lagi. Agar soalnya tidak cuma tersimpan di tempat saya, saya akan coba share beberapa soal bahasa inggris di blog ini.
(Kebanyakan soal saya ambil dari internet, jadi akan saya cantumkan sumber soalnya)
Untuk mendengarkan listening sessionnya, bisa dilihat di video berikut. Soal dan kunci jawaban akan tertera di postingan ini.
Soal Bahasa Inggris TOEFL: Listening Session
1. Why does the student want to meet with advisor?
- She needs a job or she will lose her scholarship
- She wants to pay off her student loans
- She wants to sign up for the work-study program
- She needs money in case she loses her scholarship
2. Listen again to part of the conversation. Why does Mr. Sanders say this: “You are smart student. We can definetly sign you up for the work study program. No problem.”
- Since the student is smart, she will have no problem finding a job
- The work-study program is only for advanced students.
- The student is making a good decision by thinking about her future
- The student will easily be able to find a job on campus because she has good grades.
3. Why does the student want to work twenty hours a week?
- She has enough free time to work this long
- So that she does not go into debt
- She has to work twenty hours a week if she is in the work-study program
- So she can make more money to pay back her loans
4. Why does Mr. Sanders mention the student’s current scholarship?
- To remind the student that it is important to maintain good grades
- To distinguish between a scholarship and a loan
- To remind the student that she will not have a scholarship next year
- To emphasize that the student should work as many hours as possible
5. What does Mr. Sanders decide to do to help the student?
- He is going to let the student work ten hours a week
- He tells the student to discuss the job further with the job center
- He will give the student permission to work twenty hours a week
- He will give the job center the student’s work-study form
S: Hi, Mr. Sanders. I know, I’m a little early for our meeting. But, I figured I’d see if you want to get started anyways.
A: Sure, come on in.
A: So, tell me, what’s going on? You want to apply for a job?
S: Yeah, well. I was thinking that if I don’t start working toward paying off my student loans now, I’m going to feel really burdened and strapped for cash after graduation. So, I was hoping, I would be able to join the work study program and get a job on campus.
A: You’re smart student. We can definetely sign you up for the work study program. No problem. Okay, so let me get the form really quickly here. Right. So, the jobs offered in work study program are only part-time. Of course, so you can dedicate enough time to your studies. You can either apply for a job that requires 10 hours a week or 20 hours a week. I suggest, you start with 10 hours a week. So, you don’t overload yourself.
S: Well, i’d rather work 20 hours a week. I mean, I want to make money faster and pay off as much of my loans as quickly as possible.
A: Ah, it’s good that you’re thinking ahead. But, considering you’re a freshman with full class schedule. It wouldn’t be wise to increase your workload so much.
S: I’m really hard worker, thought. I know, I could do it. I’m determined.
A: I’m sure you are, but if your grades slip up, you might not qualify again next year for your current scholarship well.
S: Umm, I really wouldn’t want that to happen. That would just put me into more debt. Okay, so what exactly do you recommend?
A: I’m going to give you permission to work 10 hours a week in the work study program. I’ll sign this form and then you will need to take it to the job center, and then, they will help you find a job there. Make sure you let them know, it’s for a work study position. Since we have jobs reserved for those students. Once you find a job and work a little bit, see how it goes. And then, we can discuss giving you more hours.
S: Okay, sounds like a plan. Thanks for your help.
- The importance of the discovery of Neptune
- The geocentric versus the heliocentric view of Earth
- How ancient astronomers viewed our solar system
- What happened after Neptune was discovered
2. Why was Copernicus heliocentric idea not accepted until hundreds of years later?
- Copernicus could not explain why the planet revolved around the sun
- Copernicus original research was inaccurate
- Because there was more scientific evidence to support the geocentric theory
- Because the geocentric view of Earth just made more sense
3. Why was the discovery of Neptune so important?
- Because it confirmed that planet resolve around the sun
- Because it added further evidence to support the gravitational theory
- Because it confirmed that Uranus does resolve around the sun
- Because it led to major scientific advances in the field of astronomy
4. How does the professor organize the lecture?
- She changes the subject halfway through to start talking about Neptune
- She introduces the topic the provides two examples
- She compares and contrasts two types of theories
- She introduces a problem then provides a solution
5. What is the geocentric view of the Earth?
- Earth and other planets resolve around the sun
- Earth is the only habitable planet in the solar system
- Earth is the center of the solar system and other planets revolve around it
- The planets move around each other circular orbits
6. What is the professor’s opinion on the discovery of the Neptune?
- It was an extremely important discovery for the field of astronomy
- It was inevitable that an astronomer would eventually find it
- It was only helpful to a certain extent because later discoveries were more important
- It was helpful because it answered some questions but also created some problems
Nowadays, we don’t consider the sun and the moon planets, but as of right now, we have eight planets in our solar system. Well, nine if count pluto as a planet. Anyways, so we have Mars, Jupiters, Venus, Saturn, Mercury, Earth, and of course later, Pluto, as I just mentioned which give us seven. What two planets are we missing here?
Uranus and Neptune.
The discovery of the planet Neptune was one of the highest points in the development of gravitational theory. You might remember that most people before this time believed in the geocentric view of the earth that is that the earth was the center of the universe, and that the sun and the moon, and the rest of the planets revolved around it.
And it was Copernicus who first proposed the heliocentric model. That is that the earth and the other planet in our solar system revolve around the sun. Still, it took a couple hundred years for scientists and researchers to eventually change their view and admit that the heliocentric model was, and is indeed, accurate.
Why did it take so long for people to agree with Copernicus?
It’s natural for us, humans, to believe we are the center of the universe, but besides that, Copernicus couldn’t explain the reason why and how the planets revolved around the sun. The geocentric model had been accepted for over a thousand years, Copernicus couldn’t prove his hypothesis. It was just a theory.
Now, this is where the hero of the story of the heliocentric model, gravity, comes into play. The motion of the planets had to explained through some type of mechanism and that turned out to be gravity. And it’s the gravitional pull that eventually helped astronomers understand how the planets revolve around the sun and that leads us to the discovery of Neptune.
Who discovered Uranus? It was William Herschel in 1718. Other people had seen it before, but he was the first to classify it as a planet. The orbit of Uranus had been calculated, but there was a problem. Uranus didn’t move in the orbit predicted by the theory of gravitational pull. And by 1840, over 50 years, after it was called a planet, it was clear that Uranus did not move in orbit according to the one predicted by gravitional theory.
In 1843, John Couch Adams, a young englishman, began a detailed mathematical analysis of the motion of Uranus to see wheter the might be produced by the pole of an unknown planet. He guessed that there must be a planet more distant from the Sun than Uranus. And then determined the mass and orbit it had to have account for Uranus’s strange orbit.
About a month later, an astronomer in Germany started to look for the planet. He quickly found and identified it. It was less than a degree from the position predicted by Adams. The discovery of the eight planet now known as Neptune was a major triumph for gravitational theory, because it dramatically confirmed its laws with great deal of accuracy. This discovery was major step forward in combining gravitational theory with careful observations. Such work continues in our won times with the discovery of planets around other stars and leads me to.
Itu saja soal yang bisa saya bagi. Soal tipe lain bisa dilihat di bawah ini. Semoga bermanfaat.
Wassalamu’alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh.
Soal Bahasa Inggris TOEFL: Error Recognition
- short description about the writer-